An In-Depth Guide to Becoming a Clinical Psychologist: Requirements, Responsibilities, and Career Prospects.

by Akansha Khandka | Dec 19, 2022
demand for clinical psychologists

                As the population grows and the stigma surrounding mental health treatment services fades, the demand for clinical psychologists is on the rise. Factors such as political turmoil and the stress brought on by the pandemic have further exacerbated this need for mental health specialists. Clinical psychologists offer direct counseling services, tailoring their therapeutic methods to the needs of each client. They may specialize in working with a given age group or in fields like school psychology and learning impairments and may work in healthcare facilities such as hospitals, schools, and clinics.

The broad field of clinical psychology encompasses

  • diagnosing and treating mental,
  • emotional, and
  • behavioral disorders, which includes
    • learning disabilities,
    • substance abuse,
    • depression,
    • anxiety,
    • and eating disorders.

What does a Clinical Psychologist do?

Their primary job is treating mental diseases through psychological methods rather than medication. The patient population that clinical psychologists work with impacts their wide range of job responsibilities. They may choose to specialize in areas such as neuropsychology or focus on helping children and adults with ADHD or Asperger’s Syndrome. They may also work in educational settings, assisting students with learning difficulties.

Requirements to become a clinical psychologist

If you are interested in a career as a clinical psychologist, there are certain requirements you’ll need to meet.

  • Most notably, you’ll need to earn a Ph.D. and an undergraduate degree, although many students also complete a master’s degree.
Duration of the Course

    It typically takes between 8 and 12 years to complete all the necessary coursework and become licensed.

        You are not required to major in psychology as an undergraduate if you earn a bachelor’s degree from an approved university and meet other program-specific requirements such as a minimum GPA and letters of recommendation. Once you start your doctoral program, you’ll work with your professors to find a topic you’re interested in and do your research, which may be published. After completing your degree, you must pass licensing exams and gain practical experience working with patients.

In India, the Rehabilitation Council of India grants professional licenses for the independent practice of clinical psychology. To receive a license, you’ll need to complete your M.Phil. in Clinical Psychology, during which you’ll work with patients and report to a senior psychologist. This program typically involves spending most days in hospitals and the remainder in colleges, providing valuable hands-on experience.


In summary, a career in clinical psychology is a fantastic choice for those interested in helping others and positively impacting society. While it may take several years of hard work and dedication to earn a degree and gain practical experience, the rewards can be substantial. As mental health continues to be a growing concern, the demand for clinical psychologists will only increase in the coming years.

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